David Bowie’s Aladdin Sane Turns 50

by admin  24th Mar 2023 Comments [0]

By Harvey Kubernik


April 2023 marks the 50th anniversary of the release of David Bowie’s Aladdin Sane, which was released only ten months after his breakthrough album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars. The title track and songs such as “Panic in Detroit,” “Lady Grinning Soul” and “Time” marked a significant musical progression from its predecessor, adding brass, woodwind, soulful backing vocals and the distinctive piano playing of Mike Garson. 

On April 14, one week before its Golden Jubilee, Aladdin Sane will be issued by Rhino Records as a limited edition 50th anniversary half-speed mastered LP and a picture disc LP pressed from the same master. 

According to a Rhino news announcement: “This new pressing of Aladdin Sane was cut on a customized late Neumann VMS80 lathe with fully recapped electronics from 192kHz restored masters of the original master tapes, with no additional processing on transfer. The half-speed was cut by John Webber at AIR Studios. 

Originally released by RCA Victor on April 13, 1973, Aladdin Sane was David Bowie’s sixth album, co-produced by Bowie and Ken Scott. This was an incredibly busy time for Bowie – Ziggy Stardust had made him a massive star in the UK and he was touring extensively in the US, where most of the album’s songs were written while he was on the road.

Recorded at Trident Studios, London and RCA Studios, New York and Nashville, between October 6, 1972 and January 24, 1973, it was be to be the last album on which the Spiders’ line-up of Mick Ronson (guitar, piano, backing vocals), Trevor Bolder (bass) and Mick ‘Woody’ Woodmansey (drums) would appear.

The revealing and absorbing collection featured the debut of one of David Bowie’s new collaborators, avant-jazz pianist Mike Garson. In addition to vocals, Bowie himself played guitar, harmonica, keyboards and saxophone on the album.

Aladdin Sane saw him create a rockier, more frenetic album than its predecessor, with the Rolling Stones a possible influence on album opener “Watch That Man” and a transgressive cover of their song, “Let’s Spend the Night Together.”


The Harder They Come: 50th Anniversary and Musical Adaptation

by admin  9th Mar 2023 Comments [0]

By Harvey Kubernik


During 1969, Jimmy Cliff’s “Wonderful World, Beautiful People,” “The Israelites” from Desmond Dekker & the Aces, and a hit single from Johnny Nash, “Hold Me Tight,” earlier exposed reggae to radio airplay in Southern California and several Stateside areas. In the summer of 1972, Nash’s “I Can See Clearly” reached number one on the US Billboard and Cash Box charts.

Island Records’ Chris Blackwell, the visionary A&R man and label owner had signed a handful of reggae artists to bring the probing bass propelled messages from Jamaica to a global audience.

In June 1972, the Jamaican crime drama film The Harder they Come, directed by Perry Henzell and co-written by Trevor D. Rhone, starring Jimmy Cliff premiered in Jamaica.

It tells the story of Ivanhoe Martin, (Jimmy Cliff), a young singer who arrives in Kingston, Jamaica, desperate and eager to become a star in that country. He falls in love with a woman and quickly signs a record deal with a powerful music mogul, and soon learns that the record game is rigged. Angered and confident, Ivan becomes increasingly defiant, and finds himself in a battle that threatens not only his life, but the very fabric of Jamaican society.

The well-received film yielded a reggae soundtrack courtesy of the Island company that further positioned these intriguing, enticing sounds to the world.

A publicist, Michael Ochs, who I knew from his 1969-1972 PR department tenure at Columbia Records in Hollywood, was hired by record producer and talent scout Denny Cordell to publicize the soundtrack of The Harder They Come. Michael wrote for Melody Maker in 1972. We both attended a handful of regional June 1972 concerts by the Rolling Stones after the release of Exile on Main Street.

Ochs mailed a copy of The Harder They Come LP, a press kit and a mango fruit, all contained in a burlap bag that arrived to my college dormitory single room at Zura Hall at San Diego State University. The package’s mailing sticker came from Mango/Capitol Records.

In 1972 I had only written a couple of record reviews at the time for The Hollywood Press. I suggested a review of the album in the school newspaper, The Daily Aztec, and was rejected.

The hypnotic reggae pulse on my record player was so captivating. I needed to see this movie.

In November 1972 I caught the debut of The Harder They Come in Hollywood at Grauman’s Chinese Theater, where it screened as part of Filmex, the Los Angeles International Film Exposition. The place was packed and the crowd loved it.

Independent producer/director/film guru Roger Corman secured domestic distribution of the movie via his company New World Pictures.

The landscape and musical climate of the United States was altered by the December 26th -December 31, 1972 premiere of The Harder They Come at the Nu-Art Theater in Westwood, California.

In February 1973 it was booked in New York City, and gained a small cult gathering at nationwide midnight movie showings in select locals. However, it was the movie’s soundtrack that quickly generated pivotal FM radio spins that spring of ’73.

The Harder They Come soundtrack was recorded at Dynamic Sounds in Kingston, Jamaica. It housed selections from Jimmy Cliff, the Maytals, the Slickers, Scotty, Desmond Dekker, and the Melodians.

 “Denny Cordell called me in 1972 and wanted me to do the publicity for the soundtrack,” recalled author and archivist Michael Ochs to me in a July 2021 interview.

 “I saw it at Filmex, and loved the soundtrack album. I fell in love with reggae. Denny and Leon Russell were partners in Shelter Records and Leon spent a lot of money on a remote recording truck. I was at the Wailers taping in October 1973 at the Capitol studio which was fun. It was like a big rehearsal leading to a real performance.

“The rock press loved the movie and the soundtrack. It was too unique for AM and FM radio. Black radio programmers were not receptive at all. At the time there was a dearth of originality. When this happens, the media tend to go to roots music, like blues. Reggae was the light at the end of the tunnel. It was important to promote it. At that time, I wasn’t sure if Toots [Hibbert] & the Maytals or Bob Marley was going to be the leader of the movement.

“Denny then hired me for the Shelter label. He agreed to pay a salary, an office and a secretary. J.J. Cale and Phoebe Snow were two of the artists I worked with.

 “Denny agreed to fly me down to Kingston if I could get a story in Rolling Stone so I called my friend Michael Thomas and he sold it to Stone. So, Rolling Stone paid for Michael to come from London to do the story. Chris Blackwell loaned us one of his houses for us to stay in—me, Michael and photographer Arthur Gorson.

“Robert Christgau didn’t stay there but came at the same time to do a five-part story for Newsday, a Long Island paper. Michael and Arthur went into Trench town to interview Marley but they were the only two that were allowed in. For the rest of the time, we were down there, different reggae artists, including Toots were sent to the house to talk to Michael for the story.”


Roger Steffens is the author of seven books about the Wailers, Bob Marley, and the history of reggae. His award-winning Reggae Beat radio program was syndicated to 130 stations world-wide. Since 1984 he has lectured internationally with a multi-media presentation called The Life of Bob Marley. He is the co-founder of The Beat magazine and served as founding chairman of the Reggae Grammy Committee for 27 years. Roger is the former national promotions director for reggae and African music of Island Records.

I asked Steffens about The Harder They Come.

“Back in early summer of 1973 an Australian gonzo journalist named Michael Thomas wrote an extraordinary article in Rolling Stone outlining the history of Jamaican music from the ska and rock steady eras into the emerging internationalization of reggae, particularly through the success of The Harder They Come film. It featured some of the major Jamaican stars of the moment, including the movie’s lead Jimmy Cliff and Toots & the Maytals. The mesmerizing tale was based on the true story of a ’40s gunman named Rhygin (“raging”) who killed cops and became a folk hero.

“The film became a lynchpin of a newly popular trend of Midnight Movies from coast to coast. In Boston it played in Harvard Square for eight years, and when Jimmy was playing in that city, he was known to enter the theater unannounced and jump on stage pretending to hold six guns, mimicking a scene in which he is photographed in his gun-tottin’ bad boy pose, in a photo studio, much to the audience’s astonishment. 

“The day after I read the article, I saw the movie in a tiny northside theater in Berkeley, holding about 40 seats. When the scene of a midnight chalice-smoking scene came on screen, everyone in the theater lit up and there was so much smoke in the room you couldn’t see the screen! On the way home I bought the soundtrack, which led me to seek out recordings by each of its contributors.”


The world premiere of The Harder They Come, Suzan-Lori Parks’ musical adaptation of the 1972 film is scheduled to be staged at New York’s Public Theater during February 16th-March 26th 2023 in the Newman Theater.

The show includes “You Can Get It If You Really Want It” and “Many Rivers to Cross” by Grammy Award winner Jimmy Cliff, based upon the film produced and directed by Perry Henzell and co-written with Trevor Rhone. Music Supervision, Orchestrations, and Arrangements by Kenny Seymour, choreography by Edgar Godineaux, co-directed by Sergio Trujillo, directed by Tony Taccone. Parks is a Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and the Public’s Writer-in-Residence.

In 2005, The Harder They Come had been adapted into a stage musical by the Royal Stratford East and UK Arts International in the UK where Henzell oversaw the script.


On the day Duke Ellington died, May 24, 1974, I encountered Johnny Nash in the lobby of Columbia Records on Sunset Blvd in Hollywood. We had a brief chat.

I acknowledged his seminal 1967-1972 work with the Wailers, where he developed Marley’s nascent songwriting abilities on his JAD record label. Johnny smiled when I mentioned his co-writing of a song, “Some of You Love,” with record producer Phil Spector in 1961 when he was inked to ABC-Paramount Records. Spector first met Nash, and songwriter Tommy Boyce, during their Army physical examinations.

As Johnny and I left the elevator ride, I wished I would have reminded myself to tell Nash how much I loved his song “What Kind of Love Is This?” Joey Dee & the Starliters had cut the tune in 1962 for the Columbia studio picture Two Tickets to Paris.

I eventually witnessed eight Bob Marley & the Wailers concerts during 1975-1979. First time was July 13, 1975 at the Roxy Theater in West Hollywood.

I interviewed the group in 1976 for Melody Maker. Our conversation was held in such a smoke-filled room in West Hollywood at the Island Records office in California on Sunset Blvd I forgot to turn the tape machine on!

John Lennon and Yoko Ono attended a Wailers’ May 16, 1976 Roxy show. While waiting for their car to arrive in the parking lot of the adjacent Rainbow Bar & Grill, I thanked John for introducing me to reggae and blue beat music that he touted in music publications and radio interviews.

On July 22, 1978 I went to see the Wailers at The Starlight Bowl Ampitheatre in Burbank. A few reporters were given tickets and all access backstage passes. At the time press coverage in the US was important for the Wailers and Marley’s mission.

I watched the concert from the wings standing the whole evening with Mick Jagger, holding daughter Jade in his arms. Mick still happily managed to pass some ganja to our circle that included Peter Tosh, the opening act the next day for the Rolling Stones at Anaheim Stadium.

Before the awe-inspiring evening concluded, a sweaty Bob Marley ran to our side of the venue, brushing up against me on his way to talk to Peter, who then joined him for a surprise appearance during “Get Up, Stand Up.”

Tosh later told Roger Steffens, “Mi slap Bob’s hand and him say, ‘Bwoi, de Pope feel dat one.”’

Three days later the Pope died.


Bob Marley has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1994) and ASCAP Songwriters Hall of Fame (2010).

The first US residency for the multi-room Bob Marley One Love Experience will be held in Southern California at LA’s Ovation Hollywood – from January 27-April 23, 2023.

Visitors will see Marley’s entire Rock & Roll Hall of Fame archive at the exhibition, alongside previously unseen photos, rare memorabilia, concert videos, guitars, lyric sheets, sneakers, a Marley-branded jukebox, and Marley-themed artwork. There will be a silent disco with headphones at the Soul Shakedown studio, where fans can dance along to Marley’s music. One area celebrates the Marley family legacy and philanthropy.

The event is created in partnership with the Marley Family and Terrapin Station Entertainment. The exhibition’s director and producer, Jonathan Shank, added: “The Bob Marley One Love Experience has already created so many positive vibrations for fans in London and Toronto, and it’s an honor to continue to have the opportunity to curate and produce the exhibit right in the heart of Hollywood.”

Tickets available on The Bob Marley One Love Experience website.


© Harvey Kubernik 2023

Harvey Kubernik (Photo: Jan Kessel)

Harvey Kubernik is the author of 20 books, including 2009’s Canyon Of Dreams: The Magic And The Music Of Laurel Canyon and 2014’s Turn Up The Radio! Rock, Pop and Roll In Los Angeles 1956-1972. Sterling/Barnes and Noble in 2018 published Harvey and Kenneth Kubernik’s The Story Of The Band: From Big Pink To The Last Waltz. In 2021 they wrote Jimi Hendrix: Voodoo Child for Sterling/Barnes and Noble. Otherworld Cottage Industries in 2020 published Harvey’s Docs That Rock, Music That Matters.

Kubernik’s writings are in several book anthologies, including The Rolling Stone Book Of The Beats and Drinking With Bukowski. Harvey has written liner notes to CD releases of Carole King’s Tapestry, The Essential Carole King, Allen Ginsberg’s Kaddish, Elvis Presley The ’68 Comeback Special, the Ramones’ End of the Century, and Big Brother & the Holding Company Captured Live at The Monterey International Pop Festival.

In 2006, Kubernik was invited to address audiotape preservation held by the Library of Congress in Hollywood.

Chasing the White Light: Lou Reed, the Telepathic Secretary and Metal Machine Music

by admin  13th Feb 2023 Comments [0]

By David Holzer


Fifty years ago, Lou Reed released Transformer. In among “Walk on the Wild Side,” “Make Up” and “Vicious,” cuts that would launch a cartoon Rock N Roll Animal persona which would typecast Lou for years, was “I’m So Free.” A weedy platform-hopping rocker, it’s always sounded to me like filler with slapdash lyrics. But, not so long ago, I started to wonder about the “Saint Germaine” Lou references in the song. Up until that point, I’d always assumed he was just one of the real-life Warhol superstars or invented characters with whom Lou peopled the songs on the album:

Oh please, Saint Germaine

I have come this way

Do you remember the shape I was in

I had horns and fins

I’m so free

I’m so free

Do you remember the silver walks

You used to shiver and I used to talk

Then we went down to Times Square

And ever since I’ve been hangin’ round there


It turns out that Saint Germain—as the name is commonly spelled—was an 18th century composer and musician revered by Theosophists as also an alchemist and great spiritual master. Theosophists follow Theosophy, the religious, occultist group co-founded by mystic, author, and trickster Madame Blavatsky in New York in 1875. So, what’s Saint Germain doing on an album that has defined a certain kind of sexually fluid, narcotically informed and ham-fistedly decadent rock and roll for decades? And why does it read like Lou is sending up a prayer to him?

The answer, I believe, lies in the fact that, although, as it’s commonly understood, alchemy refers to the transmutation of metals and the fabrication of gold, for Theosophists there’s a spiritual dimension to the practice. Saint Germain was a spiritual alchemist. Spiritual Alchemy is the transmutation of man’s animal nature into the Higher Self. In “I’m So Free,” Lou, who had “horns and fins,” animal attributes, sounds like he’s begging to be transformed. To the accepted meanings of Transformer, spanning transforming underground cult hero Lou into a pop star and blurring sexual identity —“shaved her legs and then he was a she”—among others, I would say we can add spiritual transformation. But that still doesn’t explain how Lou even knew about Saint Germain.

Before we go on, I should mention that, in an earlier version of the song recorded in 1970 in Lou’s bedroom at his parents’ house on Long Island after he’d left the Velvet Underground, he sings “Do you remember the shape I was in/I was covered in sin,” making the lyric feel more about redemption. But by October 27, 1971, when the sessions gathered on I’m So Free: The 1971 RCA Demos were recorded, the line had become “I had horns and fins.” Lou already had transformation on his mind.


Billy was a good friend of mine


A clue to as to why Lou mentions Saint Germain is buried in the verse that begins “Do you remember the silver walks.” My gut feeling is that this refers to Billy Linich AKA Billy Name. Name was part of the group of avant-garde musicians that gathered around drone-meister La Monte Young in the late 1950s—in Billy’s own words, he was a “human drone”—before becoming court photographer to Andy Warhol’s Factory. Lou and Name were great friends, occasional lovers, and, for a time, fellow methamphetamine devotees. Lou adored Name. Speaking on radio WBCN-FM in Boston in early March 1969, the month the Velvets’ third album was released, he describes Name as “divinity in action on earth” and, as the photographer of the cover of the third album, taking pictures that are “unspeakably beautiful…pure space, for people who have one foot on earth and another foot on Venus.” When Lou liked someone, he gushed.

Name was responsible for silverizing Warhol’s Factory with the tinfoil he slapped on nearly every surface. Talking and shivering suggest speeding. More significantly for our quest to explain the appearance of Saint Germain in the song, Lou also claimed to have introduced Name to the work of Theosophical writer and teacher Alice Bailey:

“A friend of mine got so far into it he locked himself in a closet for two years and never came out and I know exactly what he was doing because I was one of the few people he let in, visited him periodically, checked he was alive and he explained to me what he was doing and I know what…because I was the one who started him on the books [of Alice Bailey] and he went through all fifteen volumes and when you follow that book, it teaches you, you know the seven centers of the body and moving the energy. It can be dangerous. Meditation can be dangerous if it’s not done correctly…You can do things that aren’t right, but he was literally going off his body cell by cell. It was really something to see.”

According to an interview Name gave to UK newspaper The Guardian in 2015, he shut himself away for about a year, but the reason was rather more prosaic. “I didn’t really relate to the Factory any more…I’d have visitors like Lou Reed, but I really wanted to get my negatives in order and that took a lot of time.”

Name finally left the Factory in 1970 because, as he told author of the piece Sean O’Hagan, he was “saturated by silver.” But, all those years later, looking back on his time in the New York avant-garde from a hospital bed in Poughkeepsie, Name said, “I miss the times when I was really free.”